Roberto Sciarrone is research fellow at the Department of History Culture Religions University of Rome La Sapienza and Ph.D in History of Europe. He collaborates with the chair of History of Eastern Europe and the Archive of the General Staff of the defense. He is member of the Institute for the History of the Italian «Risorgimento» and the Association of Young Scholars of Azerbaijan and the Caucasus. He is member of the Italian Society of Military History (SISM). He has published these monographs: Strategie militari franco-tedesche a confronto (1905-1913), Nuova Cultura, Roma, 2013, The Weimar Republic In the Documents of Military Intelligence Service, Nuova Cultura, Roma, 2013, and L’Italia nella Triplice Alleanza, Politica e Sistema Militare, Aracne, Roma, 2014. He studies italian foreign policy from the unit to the first world war and military history. He has published many papers in national and international scientific journals.
This paper aims to give a first-hand account on the Ottoman Empire’s participation in the First World War and representas a provisional outcome of research developed during recent years.
This study describe the debates in Italy and Turkey on the political decisions during the conflict, and is based on the papers of the italian military attache in Costantinopoli, Ernesto Mombelli. The main military actions of the Ottoman Empire are interpreted thanks to the reports and documents sent from Mombelli. This intense activity concerns both military and political subjects and offers to the readers a careful and deep analysis of the Ottoman society during the conflict.
These sources result quite complete and exhaustive and are rich of statistics, economic, political and military analysis. After the Italian declaration of war against the Ottomman Empire, in August 1915, Mombelli continued his activity from Athens and kept informing the Italian Army’s General Staff about the principal events of Middle East and Eastern Europe.